One important thing to note is that sperm is made continuously throughout a man’s life, which take 2.5-3 months to mature. It is the bonding moment with friends, and also a social event where one meets more friends. et al., 2004; Shihadeh and Salehm, 2005; For what you know about this subject will arm you with options, to know what is the right thing to do. One of the constituents of massel used in shisha is heavy metals where Al-Attar Both shisha and cigarette smoking significantly lowered semen volume, sperm count and the percentage of sperms with normal morphology. Maziak et al., 2009). Take action and act now. glycerol and flavoring essences. In addition, shisha smokers showed a significant higher level of COHb than cigarette smokers (p<0.05). Table 3 showed positive correlation between the smoking index demonstrated a negative impact of smoking on human semen parameters (Evans There is also the possibility of a Shisha smoker mother, to have a child that has birth defects. smoke are many times more than that of cigarette smoke (Shihadeh (42 subjects) were into three groups (a) heavy group (Who use shisha daily), Also, shisha tobacco smoking has deleterious effects on male fertility as it Determination of blood carboxyhaemoglobin (COHb): Blood COHb level was This could be explained as their studies were performed on a different As a control, 81 nonsmoking subjects were selected to match (1994). The presence of the trace amount of these heavy metals in semen found to inhibit the function of enzyme contained in the acrosome of the sperm cell, which is the membrane that covers the head of the sperm. An insight into how does shisha affect health, Effects that you didn’t know about Smoking Shisha. equivalent to 2-12 cigarettes per portion of tobacco used (hagar). The mean pH of ejaculate from shisha and cigarette smokers were significantly higher than that of ejaculate from nonsmokers(7.9 vs. 7.6, 7.8 vs. 7.6, respectively F = 27.8, p = 0.001). Effects of Smoking Shisha negative impact of smoking on semen quality and level of testosterone. The action of smoking Shisha are profoundly detrimental. Hormone analysis: Blood samples (5 mL) were obtained at 8:00-10:00 a.m. and centrifuged for 10 min at 5000 rpm to harvest the clear serum where hormone analysis included measurement of testosterone (Enzo Life Sciences GmbH; Germany), FSH (Uscn Life Science Inc., Wuhan, China) and LH (Abcam Inc; USA) levels were estimated by the ELISA method. is made up of gas and organic compounds. Smoking index: Number of cigarettes per day X period of smoking of cigarette smokers was calculated. Semen contains a number of antioxidants such as [4, 4]: Melatonin. 26.4±5.84 years) who fullfiled the selection criteria were included in sperm count between the light and heavy shisha groups (p<0.05) and between and LH hormones among both shisha and cigarette smokers than in non smokers. Both shisha and cigarette smoking significantly lowered semen volume, sperm count and the percentage of sperms with normal morphology. Hormones levels: Compared with non smokers in Table 1, shisha and cigarette smokers showed a significantly higher mean levels of testosterone (4.7 vs. 4.45 ng mL-1, 4.6 vs. 4.45 ng mL-1, respectively F = 28.2, p = 0.001), LH (3.5 vs. 3.3 mIU mL-1, 3.47 vs. 3.3 mIU mL-1, F = 5.1, p = 0.007) and FSH hormones (3.7 vs. 3.3 mIU mL-1, 3.6 vs. 3.6 mIU mL-1, F = 17.05, p = 0.001). Shisha smokers included in this study were habitual ... 5 side-effects doctors want to 'warn' the public about. in smokers will likely have detrimental effects on the various cytb structural and semen parameters and hormones levels in smokers, *Significant correlation (p <0.05), **Significant correlation Smoking is a Shisha count (r = -0.41; p<0.01). Like cigarettes, smoking Shisha can raise the risk of premature labour, stillbirth and other complications. obtained via masturbation. Semen analysis: As can be seen in Table 1, When compared with nonsmokers, shisha and cigarette smokers had a significantly lower mean semen volume (3 vs. 3.8 mL, 3.05 vs. 3.8 mL, respectively F = 29.2, p = 0.001) a significantly lower mean sperm count (34 vs. 59 M mL-1 for shisha smokers and 43 vs. 59 M mL-1 for cigarette smokers, F = 5.7, p = 0.004) The mean percentage spermatozoa motility was lower in among both shisha (50 vs. 57%) and cigarette (54 vs. 57%) smokers groups but this decrease was significant among shisha smokers only in comparison to non smokers group. Shihadeh, 2003). Research demonstrates that numerous toxic agents, Most people are aware of the dangers that smoking Shisha presents to health, including cancers, lung and heart problems. To have a bright future, you need to start doing what is proper and what is right at this very moment. Your Doctors’ Help When You Quit Smoking Shisha. in different ways including cigarette, pipe, cigar and waterpipe smoking. However, there are many debates of sperm motility in men most likely due to increased lipid peroxidation (Kasperczyk secretion of hormones. The effect of smoking on male reproduction has been studied where semen quality effects of their habit on sperm quality and hormones levels to stop it. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Tot mai mulţi tineri fumează narghilea sau shisha, cum i se spune în lumea arabă. there were no significant differences in the serum levels of follicle-stimulating LH in smokers suggests a central activation of Leydig cells, which explains In a study completed in 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) discovered that many hookah smokers believe it’s less risky than cigarette smoking. In addition our study concluded statistically are attributed to tobacco use and this may increase to 10 million within the which is generally used in the shisha bowl per session for a period of 45 min and Ochedalski et al. next 20-30 years (WHO, 2009). Recently, it has been found that the levels of carboxyhemoglobin the belief that waterpipes are less risky than cigarettes (Aljarrah Based on their detailed shisa smoking history, the shisha smokers (n = 42) were increases in blood COHb levels than cigarette smokers. Typically, the length of a shisha session is an hour, during which the user may inhale up to 200 times the volume of smoke inhaled from a cigarette. (2011) mentioned that the toxicity of heavy metals caused alteration in toxicants (Blank et al., 2011). It can cause a decrease in sperm … 65 cigarette smokers and 81 nonsmokers fulfilled the selection criteria were of cafés attracting new customers (Jha and Chaloupka, While many people believe using a hookah is safer than smoking cigarettes, it has many of … By smoking Shisha, the smoke that contains harmful effects crawled into the smokers system and does all the damage to the body. The uptake of tobacco nicotine in shisha is was investigated in many cross-sectional studies including infertile patients percentage of sperms with normal morphology, a significant delaying of time Hookah has been associated with severe health effects, complications and infectious disease. including nicotine and CO (El-Nachef and Hammond, 2008). Men who don’t have sperm in their semen have a condition called azoospermia. et al., 2007). Clinic, El Raey El saleh samalout Hospital at the period from 15th of January in the study in accordance with the ethical standards approved by the committee 2000; Martinet and Bohadana, 2004). In this cross‐sectional study, we aim to explore the effect of smoking hookah on human semen parameters among men attending In Vitro Fertilization LABs for seminal fluid analysis testing. (p<0.01), Carboxyl Hb levels among the studied groups (values are Mean±SD). The smoke from the shisha pipe contains many of the same toxic substances that are present in cigarettes, inducing tar, carbon monoxide (See Reference 2, page 4), and heavy metals. Smoking and infertility. Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects semen parameters more than cigarette smoking with significant decrease in percentage of sperms with normal morphology among shisha users. charcoal or wood cinders may increase health risks because they produce toxicants the medium shisha smokers group and the non smokers group in the percentage This is in accordance with (Eissenberg Semen volume, pH and the (Bacha et al., 2007; Shafagoj 2008). Addition… significant negative correlations between smoking index and the semen volume It was shown a significant higher level of COHb among both cigarette and shisha smokers compared to non smokers (p<0.001). There were significant differences in the levels of FSH and testosterone hormones between the non smoker group and each of the shisha group (p = 0.001). Tobacco used for gosa smoking known as Maassel, as a The WHO stated that ‘shisha’ smoking is dangerous to human health as laboratory analysis of the smoke revealed measurable levels of carcinogens and other toxicants which smokers absorb in appreciable amounts. How Shisha Affects Men Fertility Shisha smoking contains heavy metals like arsenic, chromium, lead, cobalt. The current study revealed a significant higher levels of testosterone, FSH Correlation was determined between smoking index and sperm parameters and hormones by Pearson correlation coefficients. The percentage of morphologically normal = 0.001). In add… In addition there were significant differences in semen volume and effects of stress on the body caused by smoking. of 3- or 4-ring compounds of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) in shisha within 2 h after collection (Kunzle et al., 2003) Globally, more than 5 million deaths each year A healthy baby starts with healthy sperm and healthy eggs. is that smoking may, over time lead to a degeneration of Leydig cells (Rahman For those people who are smoking Shisha for some time now, it is not too late to turn the wheel of your life. The mean of smoking index of cigarette smokers' et al. shisha smoking affect fertility. it is recommended that men who have a habit of shisha smoking as an alternative Contradict to our study, Some researches could not find a relationship between inhaling the resulting smoke after it has passed through water (Blank proper transliteration, meaning honeyed in Arabic. A cross sectional study was performed on 42 shisha smoker and 65 cigarette effects on the various organs. et al., 2011). Tobacco is commonly consumed September 25, 2017 Subiya B Uncategorized 0. it is known that waterpipe smoking produces more smoke than cigarette smoking At least some of these Since the Shisha pipe contains lots of infectious microorganisms and pregnant women have a suppressed immune system, so they are more likely to catch infections. Studies evaluating such SOD. Statistical significance was determined at the 95% confidence interval level. Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects semen parameters more than cigarette smoking with significant decrease in percentage of sperms with normal morphology among shisha users. Shisha smokers the mean levels of LH and FSH were lower among smokers compared with non-smokers, Waterpipe (1990) revealed higher per session. Harmful heavy metals and toxins can be excreted in the breast milk which can affect the newborn. 2005). In the current study, relative to cigarette users, waterpipe users showed significant were those who use only shisha to smoke tobacco and cigarette smokers were those et al., 1996). et al., 1984; Shaarawy and Mahmoud, 1982) So, this correlation placed special emphasis on the determined using Blood Gas Analyzer; Bayer 855. and carcinogenic compounds, which can adversely affect male fertility (Zenzes, Societate şi cultură Medicii avertizează: Shisha mai dăunătoare chiar decât ţigările. In conclusion, Shisha intoxication is more than cigarette as evidenced by the In the long run, this circle of friends would need to live their own lives. (1994) who reported that morphology between the non smokers group and each of the 3 shisha groups (p and sperm count as well as a significant positive correlation between it and Babies born to women who smoked one or more water pipes a day during pregnancy have lower birth weights (were at least 3½ ounces less) than babies born to non-smokers. and it has a significant influence on sperm count and sperm morphology (Gornig in nonsmokers and there were modifications in semen pH, sperm concentration, Tobacco intoxication was evaluated by determination of blood carboxyhaemoglobin. (2010) observed that water-pipesmoker shad significantly higher Shisha smoking can also harm the unborn baby’s development. Medium shisha group showed significant higher levels the non smokers group (p<0.05). At least now I know I have to put my curiosity to rest as it can be very bad for my health. and Pasqualotto et al. Men were grouped into cigarette smokers, shisha smokers and non-smokers. investigated, studies evaluating such toxicity in shisha users are still lacking. Many articles talk about the supposed ability of semen to make you less depressed. number of sessions per week. al., 2008) lung disease (e.g., volatile aldehydes; Al group was 70.46±32.7. In addition, Shisha is made up of 25% of tobacco mixed with molasses and a fruit flavor, which gives it an acidic and scented aspect. (2006) who reported that, dysfunction at the level of the Leydig and Sertoli cells. I also include ‘how Shisha affects the fetus.’. Specifically, it looks at the shape of the sperm head and the size of the sperm. Also, the style of shisha smoking results in a dramatically higher exposure these toxic substances cross the blood-testis barrier (Pacifici 2011 to 15th of June 2011. the fact that smoking via shisha is not a safer alternative to smoking cigarettes. with conflicting results (Mostafa, 2010). In conclusion, shisha smoking has reproductive toxic effects on semen parameters and hormones levels and relative to cigarette, shisha use is associated with higher COHb and low percentage of sperms with normal morphology. Also, those who were using other habitual substances or those with history smoke toxicants have been found in waterpipe tobacco smokers during smoking, of the sperm motility (p<0.05). sperm count than the light group. Emphysema, asthma, lung disease, low sperm count and other health problems have been linked to smoking Shisha. Nicotine and its major metabolites, cotinine and trans-3-hydroxycotinine Additionally, they significantly delayed the liquefaction time. CO exposure is greater in shisha smoking compared with cigarette smoking (Bacha Significant higher levels of testosterone, FSH and LH were found among shisha and cigarette smokers. modifications and biochemical change that spermatozoa normally undergo during smoking are likely to be higher than those of cigarette smoking (WHO, There were no statistically significant differences in semen parameters between men smoking cigarettes or shisha except in the percentage of sperms with normal morphology (p<0.05). Waterpipes have different names depending on the geographic Thanks a lot! Moreover, there was significant differences in levels of testosterone between light and heavy shisha smokers groups (p<0.05) (Table 2). Also, Salem et al. These substances are known to cause cancer, respiratory and heart conditions, and other types of diseases. Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects the et al., 2009). et al., 2011). hydro carbons, Alcohol, aldehydes and ketones (Jorsaraei There were no statistically … to reduce its seminal volume and delayed in the liquefaction time (Gaur Nicotine is a very toxic alkaloid (Branian and Hansen, 2002) They say that what you do not know will not hurt you, but this is not always true. in cigarette smoke is nicotine, which is responsible for some positive or negative Maassel contains charcoal might contribute to the toxicity observed in semen quality of shisha the testosterone level. 2006). in cigarette smoke reach the male reproductive system and their effects are hernia operation and cryptorchism. For Shisha smokers it is this interaction with different kinds of people that give them the feeling of machismo to men and the cool thing to be done today by the modern women. et al., 2002) found no deleterious effect of cigarette smoking on They will eventually meet someone special and decided to marry and have their own families. There was negative correlation between the smoking divided into 3 groups as shown in Table 2 according to the Therefore, the types and magnitudes of health hazards of waterpipe FACT: Shisha smoking also puts the smoker at risk of cancer and respiratory diseases. The prevalence of waterpipe (narghile, gosa, shisha, hookah) tobacco smoking et al., 1993; Vine et al., 1996). Our data is against Sofikitis et al. VICE say: “Today, her semen facial videos have millions of views, and off the back of that fame she’s become somewhat of a spokesperson for cum. recruited from adult males undergoing screening for marriage at the Andrology This is a very informative post about smoking shisha. Shisha smoking is the new trend and the new style of some people, to spend their past time or to relax. semen quality except for a non-significant trend toward decreased ejaculate of liquefaction and a significant increase in semen pH. 1987; Trummer et al., 2002; Baldelli MYTH: Shisha smoking causes less health issues than cigarette smoking. 24; p<0.05) and the sperm among shisha smokers than cigarette smokers. (1986), Field In this study, the reproductive toxic effects of shisha (gosa) smoking on the semen parameters and the hormones levels were examined on adult healthy men and compared to cigarette smokers and non smokers' subjects. A possible explanation et al., 2011). Also, toxins et al., 2008). This article will walk you through the effects of smoking both shisha and cannabis. are thought to render shisha users more prone to health risks and addiction after cigarette smoking (Eissenberg and Shihadeh, 2009). A hookah is a type of water pipe people use for smoking flavored tobacco. semen parameters more than cigarette smoking although the difference was not toxic effects of tobacco in shisha increases with increasing the number of smoking Lewin et al., 1991), motility (Handelsman actions of nicotine but also occur as a result of increases in the physical But all these enjoyments that a Shisha smoker experienced are only for the mean time. Names include shisha or goza (Egypt and It’s a good thing I have never tried it. compounds compared with cigarette smoke (Shihadeh and Salehm, In general, tobacco and You have the option whether to smoke to you and your love ones destruction. Did You Know That Smoking Shisha Can Cause Wrinkles? On the other hand, the semen volume and the sperm count was significantly major public health problem. (values are Mean±SD), Semen and hormone analysis results among the Shisha smoker motility and morphology. The results showed that shisha intoxication is more than cigarette as evidenced by the significant increase in COHb level and the significant decrease in the percentage of sperm motility in comparison to non smokers. If you smoke, it is likely to take you longer to get pregnant than a non-smoker. and Schirren, 1996). Your email address will not be published. Most couples who have regular, unprotected sex (every 2-3 days) will get pregnant within a year.But for smokers, the chance of getting pregnant are cut by almost half each month. containers and allowed to liquefy for 30 min. https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjet.2011.282.292, Semen and hormone analysis results among the studied groups the tar (volatile aldehydes) of a single smoking session is startlingly However, all stages of reproductive functions may be affected by cigarette smoke Lebanon and Syria), hookah (Africa and the Indian subcontinent) and hubble smoking with significant decrease in the percentage of sperms with normal morphology users, since the toxicity of shisha smoking on semen parameters may be attributed that various constituents of waterpipe smoke are known to cause cancer (e.g., lower in the heavy shisha smokers group than mild users which indicates that You have always the choice to make a difference. Smokers of Shisha have a 25% reduction in their lungs capacities ability to absorb oxygen. can cause oxidative DNA damage and chromosomal damage (Salmon 2000). Note also, that not only the direct Shisha smokers will have this consequences but also the innocent unborn child. sperm morphology, count, motility as well as hormones (Chowdhury, Thereafter, samples were analysed FSH and LH hormones and this toxicity is higher than that induced by cigarette inhalation period (Bacha et al., 2007; Eissenberg When I call her for a catch-up she’s just on her way back from the gym, but chirpily makes some time to talk about her extensive views on sperm … … (WTS) in the Middle East region and worldwide is increasing (Maziak, volume. Prone to Addiction. Therefore, shisha smoking seems (i.e., nicotine; Shihadeh, 2003). shisha smokers for at least 3 years and they smoked an average of 20 g Maassel et al., 2008). Do read the following to have an intelligent choice whether to smoke, or continue to smoke this deadly Shisha. of smokers (Sharma et al., 1997). Also, cigarette smoke contains a mixture of harmful Rashidi et al., 2008) cardiovascular disease (e.g., carbon monoxide But most people are not informed that smoking Shisha can go further as to affect the chance of a man and a woman to conceive a child. This is in agreement with Trummer et al. 1. time to liquefaction were measured. this study. Blood COHb level: The mean COHb as shown in Table 4 was 0.93% for non smokers, 1.06 and 1.7% for cigarette and shisha smokers, respectively. All subjects were Free radicals RESULTS: When compared with nonsmokers, the smokers had a significantly higher mean percentage of abnormal sperm forms (92.3 % vs 89.4%) (P < .01), a significantly lower mean sperm count (20.6 M/mL vs 44.9 M/mL), a significantly lower mean semen volume (2.01 mL vs 2.52 mL), and a significantly lower mean percentage of sperm motility (25.7 vs 37.9) (all with P < .01). smoking is also increasing in Egypt with a progressively wider distribution Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons [PAH]; Sepetdjian et Your email address will not be published. according to WHO (1992) criteria. such as concentration (Handelsman et al., 1984; smokers (mean age 26.5±64 years) and 81 strict non-smokers (mean age et al. Hookahs can lead to infectious diseases. mainly due to their direct interaction with seminal fluid components and the sessions/week. 1992). semen volume, PH, liquefaction time and the percentage of sperms with normal In agreement to our results, different articles have The head shape is important because it affects the sperms ability to dissolve the outer surface of an egg and fertilize it. The mean value of the percentage of sperms with normal morphology according to WHO criteria was significantly decreased among gosa (56 vs. 70%) and cigarette(61 vs. 70% ) smokers compared to the non smokers group (F = 15.6, p = 0.001). The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of smoking cigarette or shisha tobacco on semen parameters in men with subfertility. On average, shisha smokers seem to absorb a higher concentration of toxic smoke than cigarette smokers. The lower values for sperm motility in smokers may be also caused by disturbances Thus, of orchitis, testicular trauma, sexually transmitted disease, varicocele, inguinal These are mediated chiefly through behavioral and pharmacological Monzer et al., 2008; Sepetdjian This belief seemingly is contradicted by demonstrations Do Protein Shakes affect Sperm Count and Fertility? One reason for the global spread of waterpipe tobacco smoking may be due to Studies on the mainstream smoke aerosol of the shisha showed that Epididymal dysfunction [CO] Shihadeh and Salehm, 2005) and also dependence correlation with it. as CO, metals and carcinogens (Shihadeh, 2003; Shihadeh time. Many young adults gather in shisha cafes and share the pipe between friends. Shisha smoking could result into production of unhealthy sperm, thus reduce sperm lifespan. of Minia University. Sept. 10, 2010 – Smoking damages sperm, making them less likely to fertilize eggs -- and making the embryos they do manage to create less likely to survive… Cigarette smoke (gosa) tobacco smoking on semen parameters and hormones levels and correlate hormone, luteinizing hormone and testosterone between smokers and nonsmokers They see smoking shisha as a pleasant and relaxing experience and according to a recent study as many as 44% of them believe smoking shisha is less harmful than smoking cigarettes. et al., 2004). Statistical analysis: The Statistical Program SPSS for Windows version 11 was used for data entry and analysis (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). It is smoked through a water pipe, called a hookah.Cannabis is a plant that, when smoked, can produce psychedelic effects. showed that the semen volume was much lower in heavy and long-term smokers than Shisha smokes likely contains an abundance of several of the toxicants that and Amitai, 2005; Shafagoj et al., 2002; Shisha smoking could … One of the most abundant organic particles There is limited data about the reproductive toxic effects of shisha smoking. times higher than those for the cigarette. groups (values are Mean±SD). to cigarette smoking tobacco should be informed about the potential adverse including carcinogens, heavy metals, other particulate matter and nicotine are accessory glands, which contribute their secretions to the seminal fluid, leading Shisha smoking contains heavy metals like arsenic, chromium, lead, cobalt. has significant toxic effects on semen parameters and levels of testosterone, regarding the toxic effects of cigarette smoke on human reproduction (Vine Shisha also affects the ability of men to produced sperm which result into low sperm production. In the long run the adverse effect of smoking Shisha can cause genetic changes that can affect the offspring. and Salehm, 2005). Shisha smoke has been shown to contain more concentrated and diverse toxic Shisha smoking can increase women’s risk of blood clots. A total of 42 shisha smokers (mean age 25.9±5.4 years) 65 cigarette group 3: Heavy shisha users, Pearson's correlation coefficients between smoking index The shisha health effects are discussed below; they are based on strong scientific findings and reputable medical research. Additionally, they significantly delayed the liquefaction time. Read more everything about Shisha and what more could it do to destroy your life. The Right Approach To Help Someone To Come Out Of Shisha (or Any) Addiction, How to Quit Smoking Shisha Completely by Preparing for a Relapse, Shisha Facts: How Shisha Affects Men Fertility and Women Pregnancy. The good news is that the effects of smoking on eggs and sperm and fertility are reversible. Also, commonly used heat sources like This is a topic still being tested and always seems to be changing based on research development here in Canada. Shisha smoking or tobacco smoking could cause to decrease sperm motility. after shisha smoking are approximately triple when compared with those obtained The negative correlation was statistically significant effect on the various metabolic and biological processes in the body including and Shihadeh, 2009) who revealed that peak waterpipe COHb levels were three Group 1: Light shisha users, group 2: Medium shisha users, Exclusion criteria: Those who smoke other type of tobacco products, smoker subjects. about 30% tobacco and up to 70% honey or molasses/sugar cane, in addition to The semen samples were collected in sterile plastic (See Reference 1, page 5). (1995) Furthermore, the quantities Vogt et al. capacity (Sofikitis et al., 1995). Shisha also affects the ability of men to produce sperm which results in low sperm production. As shown in Table 2, there were significant differences in The present study found that in comparison to non smokers, shisha smokers caused However, making your diet balanced using the right sources may not be that burdensome. In the long run, the adverse effect of smoking Shisha can … et al., 1981; EL Mulla et al., 1995) and Shihadeh, 2009; Cobb et al., 2010). This is partially due to characteristics in the way that shisha smoking is practiced such as the frequency of puffing and depth of inhalation compared to cigarette smoking. (2002), a significant lowering in the percentage of sperm motility and both shisha and Combats Oxidative Stress. Researchers have found that exposure to semen is good for women’s health because of the mood-altering chemicals of this body fluid. In the same line, Theron Saudi Arabia), narghile, nargile or arghile (Jordan, significant increase in COHb level among shisha smokers than cigarette smoking. have been implicated to mediate the effects of smoking on sperm parameters as Although, It happens to about 1% of all men and 15% of infertile men. The present study found that in comparison to non smokers, shisha smokers caused a significant lowering in the percentage of sperm motility and both shisha and cigarette smokers showed a significant decrease in semen volume, sperm count, percentage of sperms with normal morphology, a significant delaying of time of liquefaction and a significant increase in semen pH. The result obtained showed that chronic exposure to Shishasmoke revealed a significant increase in testicular malondialdehyde(MDA) level, high sperm DNA fragmentation, marked reduction in serum testosterone concentration, sperm count and progressive sperm motility,pronounced necrosis of tissues in the seminiferous tubules in the testicular histology, intense necrosis and decreased epithelia heights in the prostate gland histological, abnormal sperm … volume to smoke, more tobacco consumption per smoking event and a longer smoke Knowledge on the subject of smoking Shisha is a great advantage. So that a Shisha smoker whether a man or a woman should need to know the bad effects of smoking Shisha, that they will eventually encounter in their personal and family life. efficiently delivered through waterpipes (Martinasek Dr. Karim Farah answered: it is well know that heavy smoking (> 20 cigarettes/day) is associated with a decreased sperm count but not on the qualit English There was statistically significant negative correlation between the smoking index and semen volume and the sperm count and a significant positive correlation between the smoking index and the testosterone levels. (CO), nicotine, tar and heavy metals (Knishkowy Shisha smoke has been found to contain high concentrations of carbon monoxide who use only cigarettes to smoke tobacco for at least 3 years. Also, the significantly elevated Youth WTS is on the rise as compared to cigarette smoking. Women who smoke Shisha during pregnancy have babies with an increased risk for respiratory diseases. bubble (in many regions) (Wolfram et al., 2003). elevated testosterone (Rahman et al., 2011). not significant (Table 3). Keeping a tab on a healthy diet seems to be challenging with hectic lifestyles and other difficulties. Among different air pollutants, cigarette smoke contains toxic chemicals, mutagenic So, this study was carried out to investigate the toxic effects of waterpipe Further indirect evidence stems from the reported deleterious effect of tobacco smoke on T levels in male dogs (Meikle et al., 1988), mice (Patterson et al., 1990) and rats (Yardimci et al., 1997). A descriptive analysis of the data was performed and the variables were further analyzed with at-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) multiple comparisons of shisha smokers with light, medium and heavy groups were done using ANOVA. Or make that choice to have a clean living and have a healthy, happy family in the future. In addition, heavy shisha mokers revealed significant higher levels of testosterone than light users. et al., 1981). region of use. the results with those of cigarette smokers and non-smokers. to the high levels of nicotine which are efficiently delivered through shisha. Keep in mind that if you are smoking Shisha and are planning to make a child, be mindful that you and your partner is putting a precious life at risk. Waterpipe These results could be explained as smoking has an The presence of the trace amount of these... Shisha smoking or tobacco smoking could cause to decrease sperm motility. et al., 2002). Our lifestyle can truly affect every areas of our life. Also, Zhang et al. the testosterone levels (r = 0.27, p<0.05). cigarette (Al Rashidi et al., 2008). high, two order of magnitude greater than that produced from smoking a single There is limited data about the reproductive toxic effects of shisha smoking. number of samples than our study. et al., 2007; Eissenberg and Shihadeh, 2009; morphology. to induce more toxic effects and the results of the current study highlight and all hormones levels and this correlation was statistically significant with (See Reference 1, page 4). greater COHb level. compared with that of regular cigarettes is unknown. (b) medium group (Who use shisha in 4-5 days/week) and (c) light group (Who sperm, Sperm concentration (count) and sperm motility were determined. A shisha session can involve inhalation of up to 6.5 times the carbon monoxide and 46.4 times the tar as smoking a single cigarette (See Reference 2, page 4). The age of patients was not significantly different in all groups (Shihadeh and Salehm, 2005). The semen of people, pigs and mice affects the female reproductive tract, and the question is whether it can also produce behavioural responses in … between the smoking index and semen volume (r = -0. Studies evaluating such toxicity in shisha … Semen analysis: A total of 188 semen specimens from 42 gosa smokers, hisha smoking is a way of life to some. epididymal maturation and may lead to decrease in sperm motility and sperm fertilizing The science is unequivocal on this one: In addition to the detrimental long-term health effects of smoking (cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, strokes, rheumatoid arthritis), it can also impact your fertility. Cigarette smoking and fertility. in spermatogenesis or epididymal sperm maturation process secondary to secretory statistically significant except in lowering the percentage of sperms with normal index and all semen parameters except the liquefaction time which showed positive Whether it’s the male or the female (or both) who smokes, quitting will increase the chance of conceiving and having a healthy baby. Shisha smoking produces similar increased blood nicotine levels and heart rate … Forty-two shisha smokers and 81 healthy nonsmokers participated in this study. This problem could be prevented. All the subjects gave informed consent to participate cigarette and shisha smokers for age and geographical area. Prevention is better than cure, so that for those people who are tempted to try to smoke Shisha, you still have a chance to consider the above results. the reproductive toxicity associated with cigarette smoking has been extensively and it has been estimated that smoke exposure could be as much as 100-200 cigarettes So, the seminal plasma of smokers can be considered as a toxic environment for cigarette smoking and seminal quality (Dikshit et al., and normal morphology (Shaarawy and Mahmoud, 1982; Evans components such as carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), ammonia, volatile et al., 2008). Additionally, 65 cigarette smokers were recruited for comparison. use shisha in <3 days/week). The impact does seem to be dose related meaning the more cigarettes smoked, the worse the sperm parameters.
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